In this hundred and sixty-fifth archive story by Kristian Bertel, we meet an Indian woman in the Andheri East neighborhood in Mumbai, India. Read the background story of this archive photo by the photographer.
Essentially, poverty refers to lacking enough resources to provide the necessities of life such as food, clean water, shelter and clothing as seen in here in the photograph from Andheri. But in today's India  that can be extended to include access to health care, education and even transportation. Even in Chakala is one of the most prominent industrial localities in Mumbai, poverty can be seen.
Essentially, poverty refers to lacking enough resources to provide the necessities of life such as food, clean water, shelter and clothing as seen in here in the photograph from Andheri. But in today's India that can be extended to include access to health care, education and even transportation. Even in Chakala is one of the most prominent industrial localities in Mumbai, poverty can be seen.

Andheri 'Chakala' East

In India poverty looks like homelessness, like starving countries, like the faces of those oppressed by a perpetuating government system of hierarchy that keeps a certain population from accumulating wealth and rising from the poverty line. Poor, homeless, people not getting proper education.


What is the cause of poverty?

Poverty is linked with negative conditions such as substandard housing, homelessness, inadequate nutrition and food insecurity, inadequate child care, lack of access to health care, unsafe neighborhoods and underresourced schools which adversely impact children. A low income is a major cause of poverty. If you are earning a low income, you will not be able to save money and invest it in order to increase your wealth.


More causes of poverty
Moreover, in countries with a quite low income, people will often not be able to provide for basic needs like enough food or for the treatment of diseases. The high population growth rate is one of the major reasons of poverty in India and this further leads to a high level of illiteracy, poor health care facilities and lack of access to financial resources. Also, high population growth affects the per capita income and makes per capita income even lower.

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Poverty entails more than the lack of income and productive resources to ensure sustainable livelihoods. Its manifestations include hunger and malnutrition, limited access to education and other basic services, social discrimination and exclusion as well as the lack of participation in decision-making"

Photographing in Andheri East
Andheri is a locality in the western part of the city of Mumbai in India. Andheri is the major Bollywood Industry hub and It is the talent enclave of Mumbai, be it those from production houses, animation, the entertainment industry and corporate. Chakala is a locality in the suburb of Andheri in Mumbai and it had a station on the Salsette–Trombay Railway, which was dismantled after the rail line closed down in 1934. It is served by the Western Express Highway and Chakala stations on Line 1 of the Mumbai Metro. This railway also known as the Central Salsette Tramway was a standard-gauge railway line on the island of Salsette in the city of Mumbai, India. A railway line running West to South-east and linking up the Andheri and Kurla stations to render available for building purposes vast tracts of land sufficiently close to the city. Hence, the line linked Andheri in the north with the village of Trombay in the east. The rail line was about 13 km long. During weekends, the line was frequented by picnickers who used to travel to Trombay to buy toddy or palm liquor.

Economic inequality in Andheri East
There are wide varieties of economic inequality, most notably measured using the distribution of incom, which is the amount of money people are paid and the distribution of wealth, which is the amount of wealth people own. There are various reasons for economic inequality within societies, including both global market functions such as trade, development and regulation as well as social factors including gender, race and education and besides economic inequality between countries or states, there are important types of economic inequality between different groups of people. An important factor in the creation of inequality is variation in individuals' access to education. Education, especially in an area where there is a high demand for workers, creates high wages for those with this education. However, increases in education first increase and then decrease growth as well as income inequality. As a result, those who are unable to afford an education or choose not to pursue optional education, generally receive much lower wages. The justification for this is that a lack of education leads directly to lower incomes and thus lower aggregate saving and investment. Conversely, quality education raises incomes and promotes growth because it helps to unleash the productive potential of the poor.

Mumbai is a city built on successive waves of migrations. The neighborhoods acquired their character from the communities that settled there first. These neighborhoods are too numerous to list and there is no commonly accepted way to group them into larger districts. But roughly, from the south to the north, this is how the city developed.

Read also:  Crippled beggar of India




Read also:  Crippled beggar of India

More archive stories

India is a land full of stories. On every street, on every corner and in the many places in India, life is rushing by you as a photographer with millions of stories to be told. In the archive story above, you hopefully had a readable insight in the story that was behind the photo of an Indian woman in Mumbai. On this website of Kristian Bertel | Photography you can find numerous travel pictures from the photographer. Stories and moments that tell the travel stories of how the photographer captured the specific scene that you see in the picture. The photographer's images have a story behind them, images that all are taken from around India throughout his photo journeys. The archive stories delve into Kristian's personal archive to reveal never-before-seen, including portraits and landscapes beautifully produced snapshots from various travel assignments. The archive is so-far organized into photo stories, this one included, each brought to life by narrative text and full-color photos. Together, these fascinating stories tell a story about the life in India. India, the motherland to many people around the world, a land of unforgetable travel moments. The archive takes viewers on a spectacular visual journey through some of the most stunning photographs to be found in the photographer's archive collection. The photographer culled the images to reflect the many variations on the universal theme of beauty and everyday life in India. By adding these back stories the photographer's work might immensely enhanced the understanding of the photographs.