In this hundred and thirty-second archive story by Kristian Bertel, we meet an Indian woman in a village in Uttar Pradesh, India.
Read the background story of this archive photo by the photographer.
India began experiencing one of the hottest March-April periods on record in 2022. A heat wave or heatwave, is a period of excessively hot weather, which may be accompanied by high humidity, especially in oceanic climate countries. While definitions vary, a heat wave is usually measured relative to the usual weather in the area and relative to normal temperatures for the season.
India began experiencing one of the hottest March-April periods on record in 2022. A heat wave or heatwave, is a period of excessively hot weather, which may be accompanied by high humidity, especially in oceanic climate countries. While definitions vary, a heat wave is usually measured relative to the usual weather in the area and relative to normal temperatures for the season.

Heat wave in India

The South Asian heat wave in 2022 has led to the hottest March in India since 1901. It arrived unusually early in the year and extended into April, affecting a large part of the country's northwest. Rainfall has been only a quarter to a third of normal. Several cities across India had high temperatures over 45 degrees and at least 26 people died, most of them in the state of Maharashtra, with the final toll expected to be thousands.

What is hottest temperature ever recorded in India?

The hottest temperatures ever recorded in India occurred in Churu, Rajasthan, reaching up to 50.8 degrees, which is a near record high in India.

Weather in India
Many people find small talk of the weather kind beyond trivial. But the Photographer could talk about it for hours, where the photographer finds the sequence of highs and lows and what influences them just as exciting as the emergence of extreme weather conditions in India. And he is interested in what the weather could be like in four weeks when he is on vacation or traveling in India. In recent years, meteorology has become more important than daily weather reports for instance heavy rain or extended periods of drought can destroy harvests or threaten forests. Your forecast is therefore becoming increasingly important in our globalized world, also because climate change is already affecting our weather. Luckily, thanks to dense measuring networks and powerful computers, the forecasts are getting better and better.

Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for instance the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy. Heat waves are becoming a part of daily life as our climate shifts and changes and this archive story covers the most important areas of this timely topic, delivering knowledge about the heat wave that occured in India in 2022. Heat waves and the number of natural disasters triggered by extreme weather conditions is increasing worldwide. As human beings we could wonder about how did this development come about and what the weather is anyway.

Reasons for the heat wave in India

A heat wave is a period of abnormally hot weather generally lasting more than two days. Heat waves can occur with or without high humidity. They have potential to cover a large area, exposing a high number of people to hazardous heat. Temperatures that people from a hotter climate consider normal can be called a heat wave in a cooler area if they are outside the normal climate pattern for that area. Weather experts have attributed the high temperature across the country to the absence of periodic light rainfall and thundershowers, typical for this time of the year, due to the lack of active western disturbances.

The high power demand has increased demand for coal in India, which is the main source of electricity generation in the country. The state-run enterprise 'Coal India' increased its output by 27 percent. 'Indian Railways' has had to cancel hundreds of passenger trains as an emergency measure to prioritize hauling coal to power plants to avoid blackouts. The state also requested that electricity providers import some 19 million tonnes of coal before the end of June in the same year.

Hot weather variations in India
The term is applied both to hot weather variations and to extraordinary spells of hot which may occur only once a century. Severe heat waves have caused catastrophic crop failures, thousands of deaths from hyperthermia and widespread power outages due to increased use of air conditioning. A heat wave is considered extreme weather that can be a natural disaster and a danger because heat and sunlight may overheat the human body. Heat waves can usually be detected using forecasting instruments so that a warning call can be issued.

"It is defined that a heat wave as five or more consecutive days of prolonged heat in which the daily maximum temperature is higher than the average maximum temperature by 5 degrees or more. However, some nations have come up with their own criteria to define a heat wave"

The concerning of heat waves
ndia faces its worst electricity shortage in more than six years and demand due to the heat wave has strained the electric grid in the country. Heat waves often lead to electricity spikes due to increased air conditioning use, which can create power outages, exacerbating the problem. Scorching temperatures force early closures of schools and send people indoors. Rajasthan, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh have all reduced power allocated to industry due to an increase in power consumption dedicated to cooling. Heat waves can and do cause roads and highways to buckle and melt, water lines to burst and power transformers to detonate, causing fires. These waves can also damage rail roads, such as buckling and kinking rails, which can lead to slower traffic, delays and even cancellations of service when rails are too dangerous to traverse by trains.

The concern now is focusing on predicting the future likelihood of heat waves and their severity. In addition, because in most of the world most of those suffering the impacts of a heat wave will be inside a building, and this will modify the temperatures they are exposed to, there is the need to link climate models to building models. This means producing example time series of future weather. Other work has shown that future mortality due to heat waves could be reduced if buildings were better designed to modify the internal climate or if the occupants were better educated about the issues, so they can take action in time.

The term 'Degree' which is used in this archive story is referring to the 'Celcius degree'. A degree can be defined as a set change in temperature measured against a given scale, for instance, one degree Celsius is one hundredth of the temperature change between the point at which water starts to change state from solid to liquid state and the point at which it starts to change from its liquid to gaseous state.

Read also:  Boy in a village portraiture

Read also:  Boy in a village portraiture

More archive stories

India is a land full of stories. On every street, on every corner and in the many places in India, life is rushing by you as a photographer with millions of stories to be told. In the archive story above, you hopefully had a readable insight in the story that was behind the photo of an Indian woman in Uttar Pradesh. On this website of Kristian Bertel | Photography you can find numerous travel pictures from the photographer. Stories and moments that tell the travel stories of how the photographer captured the specific scene that you see in the picture. The photographer's images have a story behind them, images that all are taken from around India throughout his photo journeys. The archive stories delve into Kristian's personal archive to reveal never-before-seen, including portraits and landscapes beautifully produced snapshots from various travel assignments. The archive is so-far organized into photo stories, this one included, each brought to life by narrative text and full-color photos. Together, these fascinating stories tell a story about the life in India. India, the motherland to many people around the world, a land of unforgetable travel moments. The archive takes viewers on a spectacular visual journey through some of the most stunning photographs to be found in the photographer's archive collection. The photographer culled the images to reflect the many variations on the universal theme of beauty and everyday life in India. By adding these back stories the photographer's work might immensely enhanced the understanding of the photographs.