In this hundred and twenty-seventh archive story by Kristian Bertel, we meet a group of joyful children laughing in Mandawa, Rajasthan, India. Read the background story of this archive photo by the photographer.
Laughter, like that of these joyful children portrayed in Mandawa in Rajasthan, India, is a typical expression of joy and it is a physical reaction consisting usually of rhythmical and joy means the emotion evoked by well-being, success or good fortune or by the prospect of possessing what one desires.
Laughter, like that of these joyful children portrayed in Mandawa in Rajasthan, India, is a typical expression of joy and it is a physical reaction consisting usually of rhythmical and joy means the emotion evoked by well-being, success or good fortune or by the prospect of possessing what one desires.

Joy of India portraiture

Laughter is a part of human behavior regulated by the brain, helping humans clarify their intentions in social interaction and providing an emotional context to conversations. Laughter is used as a signal for being part of a group and it signals acceptance and positive interactions with others.


What causes laughter?

Laughter is a response to certain external or internal stimuli. Laughter can arise from such activities as being tickled, or from humorous stories or thoughts. Most commonly, it is considered an auditory expression of a number of positive emotional states, such as joy, mirth, happiness, relief and so on. On some occasions, however, it may be caused by contrary emotional states such as embarrassment, surprise, or confusion such as nervous laughter or courtesy laugh. Age, gender, education, language and culture are all indicators as to whether a person will experience laughter in a given situation.


Children portrayed in Mandawa
The photograph for this archive story has been portrayed in Mandawa, which is a town in Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan in India. It is part of Shekhawati region and is situated 190 kilometers from Jaipur in the north. The fort town of Mandawa is known for its fort and havelis and is well connected with the other places in region through a good network of roads. Middle childhood begins at around age 7, approximating primary school age. It ends with puberty around age 12 or 13, which typically marks the beginning of adolescence. In this period, children develop socially and mentally. They are at a stage where they make new friends and gain new skills, which will enable them to become more independent and enhance their individuality. During middle childhood, children enter the school years, where they are presented with a different setting than they are used to and this new setting creates new challenges and faces for children. Upon the entrance of school, mental disorders that would normally not be noticed come to light. Special education, least restrictive environment, response to intervention and individualized education plans are all specialized plans to help children with disabilities. Middle childhood is the time when children begin to understand responsibility and are beginning to be shaped by their peers and parents. Chores and more responsible decisions come at this time and so does social comparison. Along with social comparison comes social play. With social play comes learning and teaching. During social play, children learn from and teach each other, often through observation.




"Fascinated by the irritating beauty of India with its wonders, gurus and mysteries, the photographer goes on a trip across the subcontinent on her own. With only the bare essentials in his luggage and travel in his head, he immerses himself in experiences around India. He delves into the culture in India. With an openness he is photographing his adventurous in a search for the power of photography"




Seeing India with empathy
India the great, still largely unknown country, a land of dreams or land of dreamers, nuclear power or poor house, world power or developing country. With a lot of empathy, but also with an alert and undisguised look, the photographer lets us participate in what he has seen and experienced in over four years in India and among Indians and what conclusions can be drawn from it. An instructive, exciting, moving and detailed inventory with a surprisingly clear result. An authentic journey awaits you. He would begin his adventure with a some days staying in Delhi where there would be time to go alone. What he did not knew at that time India is different. Very different. The high-contrast culture in the multi-layered country soon becomes a great challenge and for the first time in his life, the photographer is experiencing something that feels like homesickness.

India is fascinating, complex and feared
There are probably only a few countries where people differ so much. The country, which is mainly shaped by Hinduism, is characterized on the one hand by a multi-faceted, colorful and exotic culture and the hospitality of its residents is unparalleled, on the other hand, the overpopulation and the resulting problems, the often ailing infrastructure and certain peculiarities of the Indians make many visitors the stay difficult. The constant alternation of positive and less positive, even shocking experiences subjects many travelers to a rollercoaster of emotions. What helps not to let the emotional pendulum swing too much in one direction is knowledge, the knowledge of the "why" that underlies the behavior of the hosts, knowledge that prevents misunderstandings and arouses tolerance. The Photographer who has been traveling in India, goes into the mysterious caste system and the relationship between the sexes as well as Indian business practices, table manners and the contrasts between modernity and tradition fueled by globalization.

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More archive stories

India is a land full of stories. On every street, on every corner and in the many places in India, life is rushing by you as a photographer with millions of stories to be told. In the archive story above, you hopefully had a readable insight in the story that was behind the photo of children in Mandawa. On this website of Kristian Bertel | Photography you can find numerous travel pictures from the photographer. Stories and moments that tell the travel stories of how the photographer captured the specific scene that you see in the picture. The photographer's images have a story behind them, images that all are taken from around India throughout his photo journeys. The archive stories delve into Kristian's personal archive to reveal never-before-seen, including portraits and landscapes beautifully produced snapshots from various travel assignments. The archive is so-far organized into photo stories, this one included, each brought to life by narrative text and full-color photos. Together, these fascinating stories tell a story about the life in India. India, the motherland to many people around the world, a land of unforgetable travel moments. The archive takes viewers on a spectacular visual journey through some of the most stunning photographs to be found in the photographer's archive collection. The photographer culled the images to reflect the many variations on the universal theme of beauty and everyday life in India. By adding these back stories the photographer's work might immensely enhanced the understanding of the photographs.