In this hundred and third archive story by Kristian Bertel, we are photographing a child at the Main Market Rd in Pushkar, Rajasthan, India. Read the background story of this archive photo by the photographer.
Today, more than 60 million children are forced to work in India, more than 12 million of whom work in a state of servitude and these children grow up and live in inhumane conditions. India is strongly characterized by inequalities between different regions and groups of populations. Children are most affected by this poverty and social inequality.
Today, more than 60 million children are forced to work in India, more than 12 million of whom work in a state of servitude and these children grow up and live in inhumane conditions. India is strongly characterized by inequalities between different regions and groups of populations. Children are most affected by this poverty and social inequality.

Main Market Rd portraiture

Biologically, a child is a human being between the stages of birth and puberty, or between the developmental period of infancy and puberty. The legal definition of child generally refers to a minor, otherwise known as a person younger than the age of majority. Children generally have fewer rights and less responsibility than adults. They are classed as unable to make serious decisions, and legally must be under the care of their parents or another responsible caregiver.

Challenges for Children in India
Education in India is primarily provided by public schools which are controlled and funded by the government at three levels such as central, state and local and private schools. Children's rights include the right to health, education, family life, play and recreation, an adequate standard of living and to be protected from abuse and harm. Children's rights cover their developmental and age-appropriate needs that change over time as a child grows up. Under various articles of the Indian Constitution, free and compulsory education is provided as a fundamental right to children aged 6 to 14 and the approximate ratio of public schools to private schools in India is 7:5. While India surges ahead as a driving force in the world economy, tens of millions of children are being left behind. Children from the most vulnerable communities, including those from the lowest castes and tribes, from religious minority groups and girls, do not have an equal chance to succeed. Too many children are stunted due to severe malnutrition and child marriage, child labor and poverty are persistent challenges as Save the Children India also is saying.

"India has made progress in increasing the attainment rate of primary education. Some years ago, approximately seventyfive percent of the population, aged between 7 and 10 years, was literate"

Education in Republic of India
India's improved education system is often cited as one of the main contributors to its economic development. Much of the progress, especially in higher education and scientific research, has been credited to various public institutions. While enrollment in higher education has increased steadily over the past decade, reaching a gross enrollment ratio of twentyfour percent in 2013, there still remains a significant distance to catch up with tertiary education enrolment levels of developed nations, a challenge that will be necessary to overcome in order to continue to reap a demographic dividend from India's comparatively young population.

Pushkar portrait in market street of India
As a photographer he went into the Main Market Rd in Pushkar, which is a city in the Ajmer district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is situated about ten kilometres northwest of Ajmer and about 150 kilometres southwest of Jaipur and it is a pilgrimage site for Hindus and Sikhs. Pushkar has many temples. Most of the temples and ghats in Pushkar are from the 18th century and later, because many temples were destroyed during Muslim conquests in the area. Subsequently, the destroyed temples were rebuilt. The most famous among Pushkar temples is the red spired Brahma Temple built by Gurjar samrat Pushkar, who is father of Vedmata Gayatri, who was a chechi kanya married to Lord Brahma. It is considered a sacred city by the Hindus particularly in Shaktism and meat and eggs consumption are forbidden in the city and Pushkar is located on the shore of Pushkar Lake, which has many ghats where pilgrims bathe. Pushkar is also significant for its Gurdwaras for Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh. One of the bathing ghats is called Gobind ghat built by the Sikhs in the memory of Guru Gobind Singh. Pushkar is famous for its annual fair Pushkar Camel Fair featuring a trading fete of cattle, horses and camels. It is held over seven days in autumn marking Kartika Purnima according to the Hindu calendar the so-called 'Kartik month', which are either October or November. It attracts nearly 200,000 people. In 1998, Pushkar hosted about 1 million domestic which is ninetyfive percent and international tourists over the year. Pushkar fair continues for five days and these five days are a period of relaxation and merry-making for the villagers. This fair time is the busiest time for them, as this is one of the largest cattle fairs in the country. Animals, including over 50,000 camels, are brought from distant places around to be traded and sold. All the camels are washed and adorned, some are shorn to form artistic patterns. Some camels, horses, and cows are colorfully decorated.

Marketplaces in India
In addition to the animal trading market, Pushkar in parallel holds a festival of folk music and dances, ferris wheels, magic shows, horse and camel races and various other traditional sports and team entertainment competitions. While the Pushkar fair is held around the Kartik Purnima that typically overlaps between late October and early November, other seasons feature other sports and festivals for pilgrims who visit the sacred lake. The sub-continent may have borrowed the concept of covered marketplaces from the Middle East around the tenth century with the arrival of Islam. The caravanserai and covered market structures, known as suqs, first began to appear along the silk routes and were located in the area just outside the city perimeter. Following the tradition established on the Arabian peninsula, India also established temporary-seasonal markets in regional districts. In Rajasthan's Pushkar, an annual camel market was first recorded in the 15th century. However, following the foundation of the Mughal Empire in northern India during the 16th century, this arrangement changed. A covered bazaar or market place became integrated into city structures and was to be found in the city centre.Markets and bazaars were well known in the colonial era. Some of these bazaars appear to have specialised in particular types of produce.

Sonu Juice Stop, The Laughing Buddha Vegan Cafe Pushkar and Honey Dew Café & Restaurant are amongst some of the places near by, where the photograph was carried out.

Read also:  An Indian portrait

More archive stories

India is a land full of stories. On every street, on every corner and in the many places in India, life is rushing by you as a photographer with millions of stories to be told. In the archive story above, you hopefully had a readable insight in the story that was behind the photo of a child in Pushkar. On this website of Kristian Bertel | Photography you can find numerous travel pictures from the photographer. Stories and moments that tell the travel stories of how the photographer captured the specific scene that you see in the picture. The photographer's images have a story behind them, images that all are taken from around India throughout his photo journeys. The archive stories delve into Kristian's personal archive to reveal never-before-seen, including portraits and landscapes beautifully produced snapshots from various travel assignments. The archive is so-far organized into photo stories, this one included, each brought to life by narrative text and full-color photos. Together, these fascinating stories tell a story about the life in India. India, the motherland to many people around the world, a land of unforgetable travel moments. The archive takes viewers on a spectacular visual journey through some of the most stunning photographs to be found in the photographer's archive collection. The photographer culled the images to reflect the many variations on the universal theme of beauty and everyday life in India. By adding these back stories the photographer's work might immensely enhanced the understanding of the photographs.