In this thirty-second archive story by Kristian Bertel, we take the pulse on the Indian population based on a portrait from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, India. Read the background story of this archive photo by the photographer.
India is the second most populous country in the world with over 1.2 billion people, more than a sixth of the world's population. Already containing seventeen and a half percent of the world's population, India is projected to be the world's most populous country by 2022, surpassing China, its population reaching 1.6 billion by 2050. This people portrait was taken by the photographer in Varanasi, India.
India is the second most populous country in the world with over 1.2 billion people, more than a sixth of the world's population. Already containing seventeen and a half percent of the world's population, India is projected to be the world's most populous country by 2022, surpassing China, its population reaching 1.6 billion by 2050. This people portrait was taken by the photographer in Varanasi, India.

People of India, a population portrait

India's population growth rate is one point two percent ranking ninety-fourth in the world in 2013. The Indian population had reached the billion mark by 1998. India has more than fifty percent of its population below the age of twentyfive and more than sixtyfive percent below the age of thirtyfive. It is expected that, in 2020, the average age of an Indian will be twentynine years, compared to thirtyseven for China and fortyeight for Japan and by 2030 India's dependency ratio should be just over zero point four.

The Indian people
India has more than two thousand ethnic groups, and every major religion is represented, as are four major families of languages Indo-European, Dravidian, Austroasiatic and Sino-Tibetan languages as well as two language isolates, the Nihali language spoken in parts of Maharashtra and the Burushaski language spoken in parts of Northern India. Further complexity is lent by the great variation that occurs across this population on social parameters such as income and education. Only the continent of Africa exceeds the linguistic, genetic and cultural diversity of the nation of India. India is projected to overtake China as the world's most populous nation by 2030. India's population growth has raised concerns that it would lead to widespread unemployment and political instability. Note that these projections make assumptions about future fertility and death rates which may not turn out to be correct in the event. Fertility rates also vary from region to region, with some higher than the national average and some lower. the modern Indian population is composed of two genetically divergent and heterogeneous populations which mixed in ancient times, known as Ancestral North Indians and Ancestral South Indians that corresponds to the Dravidian-speaking population of southern India, whereas the first group corresponds to the Indo-Aryan-speaking population of northern India.

Photography of the Indian population
Present and current population of India is 1,326,981,549 and with 1.32 billion people it is the second most populous country in the world, while China is on the top with over 1,415,489,506, which is 1.41 billion people. The figures show that India represents almost eighteen percent of the world's population, which means one out of six people on this planet live in India. Although, the crown of the world's most populous country is on China's head for decades, India is all set to take the numero uno position by 2030. With the population growth rate at one point two percent, India is predicted to have more than 1.53 billion people by the end of 2030. More than fifty percent of India's current population is below the age of twentyfive and over sixtyfive percent below the age of thirtyfive. About seventytwo percent of the population lives in some 638,000 villages and the rest almost twentyeight percent in about 5,480 towns and urban agglomerations. The birth rate which is child births per thousand people per year is twentytwo births out of thousand people in the population, while death rate, which means deaths per thousand individuals per year, is six point four deaths out of thousand people in the population. Fertility rate is tow point seventytwo children born per woman and Infant mortality rate is a little over thirty deaths per thousand live births. India has the largest illiterate population in the world. The literacy rate of Indiahas a male literacy rate at eightytwo percent and female at sixtyfive percent. Kerala has the highest literacy rate at ninetyfour percent, Lakshadweep ninetythree percent is on the second position and Mizoram almost ninetytwo percent is on third. Every year, India adds more people than any other nation in the world, and in fact the individual population of some of its states is equal to the total population of many countries. India, has 190 million people and the growth rate is a little over sixteen percent. The population of the second most populous state Maharashtra, which has a growth rate of nine point fortytwo percent. Bihar, with a littlle over eight percent, is the third most populous state in India and its population is more than Germany's. West Bengal with almost eight percent growth rate, Andhra Pradesh seven point fortyone percent and Tamil Nadu with a little over six percent are at fourth, fifth and sixth positions respectively.

More archive stories

India is a land full of stories. On every street, on every corner and in the many places in India, life is rushing by you as a photographer with millions of stories to be told. In the archive story above, you hopefully had a readable insight in the story that was behind the photo of huge crowd of people in Varanasi. On this website of Kristian Bertel | Photography you can find numerous travel pictures from the photographer. Stories and moments that tell the travel stories of how the photographer captured the specific scene that you see in the picture. The photographer's images have a story behind them, images that all are taken from around India throughout his photo journeys. The archive stories delve into Kristian's personal archive to reveal never-before-seen, including portraits and landscapes beautifully produced snapshots from various travel assignments. The archive is so-far organized into photo stories, this one included, each brought to life by narrative text and full-color photos. Together, these fascinating stories tell a story about the life in India. India, the motherland to many people around the world, a land of unforgetable travel moments. The archive takes viewers on a spectacular visual journey through some of the most stunning photographs to be found in the photographer's archive collection. The photographer culled the images to reflect the many variations on the universal theme of beauty and everyday life in India. By adding these back stories the photographer's work might immensely enhanced the understanding of the photographs.