Street child in Delhi
As a photographer and traveler in India it is hard to ignore the street children in the Delhi streets, when driving from one destination in India to another in a comfortable car seat. Heart-wrenching sceneries just outside the car made the photographer interested in telling the stories of the life conditions of the street children he encountered on his journey to Delhi, India.
Street children in the big metropolises
Everyday counts for a street child
Street children are minors who live and survive on the streets. They often grow up in public landfills, train stations, our under the bridges of the world's major cities. Because of conflicts with their family, these children do not want to or cannot return home. So why does a child live on the streets? The phenomenon of street children is actually multifaceted. The combination of familial, economic, social and political factors play an important role in their situation. It is therefore very difficult to single out one or more causes. However, children who have been questioned say that family, poverty, abuse, war and so on. are often why they left for the streets. As a traveler and a photographer he asked himself what are the problems encountered by Street children in India and street children are confronted by a large numb1er of problems. In fact, growing up in an environment generally regarded as dangerous, they incur considerable risks. As a consequence, some of their rights are very often compromised and these street children often do not have access to a healthy and sufficient diet and they should have rights to food. Sometimes they do not even have food, because living on the streets, they do not produce any and do not have money to buy. Also, these children do not benefit from a balanced diet, where they eat what they can find. Sometimes, when they have the choice, they even favour unhealthy foods such as ice cream, cakes and so on and so run the risk of malnutrition. Growth problems are also common with these children and the health of children growing up on the streets is strongly compromised and they should also have rights to health. In fact, they do not have access to sanitary facilities, where they are often dirty and infested with fleas. Also, because of their lack of hygiene, street children in India are exposed to different diseases and their health is often troubling. Without a family to take care of them, these youth must take care of themselves.
Street children, India's wide-ranging problem
Additionally, street children, to escape their reality, often use cannabis, alcohol or inhale natural gas. Unfortunately, these very hard living conditions, have a negative impact not only on their physical and psychosocial development, but also on their cultural and economic development. Street children are obviously not educated and should also have the right for education. Because of this, they do not have the same opportunities as other children. In fact, because they do not see a future for themselves, and because they have no professional training, they are hindered from finding a job and from finally leaving the streets. Seen as marginals Indian street youth are often victims of discrimination. Generally, adults have prejudices that stigmatise them as street children. Consequently, they are often associated with the dangers of the streets. It is often difficult for these children to reintegrate into society. What can be done to help street children? The problem of street children is dependant on their situation and not on their status. In fact, each child has a personal history with the street that cannot be generalised. Because of this, the care of street children must, to be effective, hinge on the different situations on the streets, in other words, on the many child profiles and it is important to analyse the relationship a child has with the street.
"In order to better understand children living and growing up on the streets, it is essential both to make them participate, and to put them in contact with key institutions or individuals looking to understand the structural causes of their situation"
Delhi is the most polluted city in the world and according to one estimate, air pollution causes the death of about 10,500 people in Delhi every year. "- Given the road conditions in India, this is not a country for novice drivers and also as a photographer photographing street children in heavy traffic can be difficult. Cows and people can be crossing the carriageway to broken-down trucks, pedestrians on the road and perpetual pothholes and unmarked speed humps can also be seen. My pictures in general have a profound focus on the imaginative in my photographic work on the relationship between human nature and culture. A focus that creates a reflection on the traditional order of observing", the photographer says. It is not only street children alone that India deals with. Despite national legislation prohibiting child labour, human-rights groups believe India has an estimated 60 million child labourers, which is the highest rate in the world. Poorly enforced laws, Child poverty and lack of a social-security system are cited as a major causes of the problem. The harsh reality for many low-income families is that they simply cannot afford to support their children, so they send them out to work in order to survive and the majority of India's child labourers work in the agricultural industry, while others work on construction sites or as rag pickers, carpet weavers or brick makers.
Number of street children in India
The Indian government expresses itself very reluctantly about the situation of street children. There is an official estimate from 1997, after which there will be 11 million street children. 420,000 are believed to live in the six largest cities in the country. Most of these children are between eight and twelve years old. On the government side, no attempt has been made since 1997 to update and differentiate these figures. According to Human Rights Watch and other organizations, the number of Indian street children aged between six and fifteen is around 18 to 20 million. In addition, there are estimates of 40 million street children. These are, however, too high.
Street children in the classical sense can be found in India almost without exception in cities with a population of approximately 50,000 inhabitants. In Northern and Central India there are more road children than in South India. This has to do with the fact that there are not many big cities. On the other hand, the poverty situation depends on the political situation in the individual federal state. In the former state of Kerala, in the south-west of India, there are hardly any street children. Despite its large metropolitan areas, India is still a country of villages whose number is estimated to be over one million. Indian street children almost invariably live in the big cities. Many of the children and / or their families come from rural areas and thus from villages. Most of the street children lived in unhygienic, neglected and unspectacular circumstances. Many suffer from malnutrition and diseases like Tuberculosis, Typhus, Leprosy, Malaria or AIDS. In addition, they are quickly dependent on drugs and alcohol and they suffer from exhaust fumes.
Diseases amongst the street children
It is striking that many suffer from skin diseases and bone fractures. These diseases usually remain untreated and unaffected. Insecurity and discontinuity of life on the road cause mental illness in many children. The psychological traumatization as a result of neglect, neglect, insecurity, lack of protection, exploitation, abuse, abuse, hunger and dependencies of all kinds are serious. Specific questions in dealing with street children in India. The treatment of street children in India is ambivalent and the children are highly appreciated, but the image of street children living in the cities of the country in misery has been part of everyday life for many decades and hardly seems to surprise anyone. Street children are there and are not really seen and perceived. Many meet with defenses and contempt and some support them with small money donations. Religious representations of Karma, Dharma and Moksha in Hinduism are apt to reinforce a certain indifference. Many Hindus do not seem to feel compassion and do not look down towards street children against energetic action and the existence of these children appears to them as a result of a bad karma. Children are therefore responsible for the fact that they are suffering from such adverse circumstances. Anyone who feels compassion and decides to be a small support can strengthen or improve his own karma. For pious Hindus, the caste or the Jalitza dynasty should also play a role in dealing with street residents. Although religious traditions and imprints are decisive, it is difficult to make clear and universally valid statements in this field. What had been forgotten, however, was the fact that everyone is addressed by everyone, but also by everyone. "Hello, how are you?", "Please, take a look?" And "Hello, where do you come from?" Are the racers on the street. As soon as one shows a single reaction, the contact is made from the perspective of the counterpart, and then biting is announced. If one does not react at all, many times bad obituaries come. It took some time for the photographer to find the only correct reaction to the very annoying behavior on this road, smile, say nothing and go on. After the second and third run of this road, a noticeable decrease in the response is already noted, because most of them have a very good sense of reassurance here and then also let up when they were unsuccessful for the first time. And at the latest, when you sit on a small stool next to horny cars and tuktuks and a henna tattoo can be painted on the arm, the picture changes, as you can see later.
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