In this hundred and seventy-eight archive story by Kristian Bertel, we are taking a look at the climate in Mumbai and Maharasthra in India. Read the background story of this archive photo by the photographer.
The climate of Mumbai is a tropical, wet and dry climate and it can be best described as moderately hot with high level of humidity. Its coastal nature and tropical location ensure temperatures do not fluctuate much throughout the year and it is also seen in this photograph taken on the road to the Global Vipassana Pagoda in Mumbai, India.
The climate of Mumbai is a tropical, wet and dry climate and it can be best described as moderately hot with high level of humidity. Its coastal nature and tropical location ensure temperatures do not fluctuate much throughout the year and it is also seen in this photograph taken on the road to the Global Vipassana Pagoda in Mumbai, India.

Vipassana Pagoda Rd portraiture

Maharashtra experiences a tropical monsoon type of climate. The most important factor which influences the climate is the towering presence of the Western Ghats which block the monsoon bearing winds coming from the Arabian Sea and cause rainfall. Mumbai weather can be categorized into four seasons of summer, winter, monsoon and the withdrawal season. December to February is the winter season, March to May is summer, June to September experiences monsoon climate while October to December is the withdrawal season. Maharashtra is one of the warmest region in India with an average daily high temperature of 33 degrees centigrade. With a yearly average of 33 degrees the climate is very warm, but has only a very few tropical and humid months.


Is Mumbai hot all year?

In Mumbai that is the capital of the state of Maharashtra, the climate is tropical, hot all year round, with a long, sunny season from early or mid-October to early June and a rainy season from June to September or early October.


How to travel in India
The auto-rickshaw, usually abbreviated and referred to as auto and sometimes as rickshaw, is the most common means of hired transportation in India. They are very handy for short-distance travel in cities, especially since they can weave their way through small alleys to bypass larger cars stuck in travel jams, but are not very suitable for long distances. Most are green and yellow, due to the new CNG gas laws and some may be yellow and black in color, with one wheel in the front and two in the back, with a leather or soft plastic top.
When getting an auto-rickshaw, you can either negotiate the fare or go by the meter. In almost all cases it is better to use the meter, a negotiated fare means that you are being charged a higher than normal rate. A metered fare starts around 13 rupees that is different for different areas and includes the first 1 to 2 kilometers of Travel. Never get in an auto-rickshaw without either the meter being turned on or the fare negotiated in advance. In nearly all cases the driver will ask an exorbitant sum for Indian standards from you later. A normal fare would be 11-12 rupees for the first kilometer and 7-8 rupees per kilometer after that. In most of the cities, auto-rickshaw drivers are provided with a rate card that elaborately describes the fares on per kilometer basis.

A careful tourist must verify the meter-reading against the rate-card before making a payment. Auto-rickshaws carry either digital or analog meters wherein the analog meters may have been tampered with. It may be a better option to go for a negotiated fare when the auto-rickshaw has an analogue meter. Ideally, you should talk with a local to find out what the fare for any estimated route will be. Higher rates may apply at night and for special destinations such as airports. Finally, factor in that auto drivers may have to pay bribes to join the queue for customers at premium location such as expensive hotels. The bribe will be factored in the fare so make sure that the driver knows where he is going. Many auto-rickshaw drivers will claim to know the destination without really having any clue as to where it is. If you know something about the location, quiz them on it to screen out the liars. If you do not know much about the location, make them tell you in no uncertain terms that they know where it is. This is because after they get lost and drive all over the place, they will often demand extra payment for their own mistake. You can then tell them that they lied to you and wasted your time, so they should be happy to get the agreed-upon fee.




"Climate is the average weather in a given area over a longer period of time. A description of a climate includes information on, for instance the average temperature in different seasons, rainfall and sunshine. Also a description of the chance of extremes is often included"




The Global Vipassana Pagoda
For this archive story was photographed on the road to the Global Vipassana Pagoda is a meditation dome hall with a capacity to seat around 8,000 Vipassana meditators and is the largest such meditation hall in the world near Gorai, north-west of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. The pagoda was inaugurated by Pratibha Patil, then President of India, on 8 February 2009. It is built on donated land on a peninsula between Gorai creek and the Arabian Sea. The pagoda is to serve as a monument of peace and harmony and it has been built entirely through voluntary donations, the purpose of the Global Vipassana Pagoda is to share information about Vipassana and to spread information on Gotama the Buddha and his teachings. Vipassana is the practical quintessence of the universal, non-sectarian teachings of the Buddha. Its traditional Burmese design is an expression of gratitude towards the country of Myanmar for preserving the practice of Vipassana. The shape of the pagoda is a copy of the Shwedagon Pagoda also known as 'The golden pagoda' in Yangon, Myanmar and it was built combining ancient Indian and modern technology to enable it to last for a thousand years.

Read also:  Joy of India portraiture




Read also:  Joy of India portraiture

More archive stories

India is a land full of stories. On every street, on every corner and in the many places in India, life is rushing by you as a photographer with millions of stories to be told. In the archive story above, you hopefully had a readable insight in the story that was behind the photo of the Vipassano in Uttar Pradesh. On this website of Kristian Bertel | Photography you can find numerous travel pictures from the photographer. Stories and moments that tell the travel stories of how the photographer captured the specific scene that you see in the picture. The photographer's images have a story behind them, images that all are taken from around India throughout his photo journeys. The archive stories delve into Kristian's personal archive to reveal never-before-seen, including portraits and landscapes beautifully produced snapshots from various travel assignments. The archive is so-far organized into photo stories, this one included, each brought to life by narrative text and full-color photos. Together, these fascinating stories tell a story about the life in India. India, the motherland to many people around the world, a land of unforgetable travel moments. The archive takes viewers on a spectacular visual journey through some of the most stunning photographs to be found in the photographer's archive collection. The photographer culled the images to reflect the many variations on the universal theme of beauty and everyday life in India. By adding these back stories the photographer's work might immensely enhanced the understanding of the photographs.